Jamui – At a Glance

    Various literatures indicate the fact that Jamui was known as Jambhiyaagram. According to Jainism, the 24th Tirthankar lord Mahavir got divine knowledge in Jambhiyagram situated on the bank of river named Ujjihuvaliya. Another place of a divine light of Lord Mahavir was also traced as "Jrimbhikgram" on the bank of Rijuvalika river which resembles Jambhiyagram Ujjhuvaliya.

    The Hindi translation of the words Jambhiya and Jrimbhikgram is Jamuhi which is doveloped in the recent time as Jamui. With the prassage of time, the river Ujhuvaliya /Rijuvalika is supposed to be deoveloped as the river Ulai river is still flowing nearby Jamui. The old name of Jamui has been traced as Jambhubani in a copper plate which is kept in Patna Musuem. This plate clarifies that in the 12th century, Jambudani was nothing but today's Jamui. Thus, the two ancient names as Jambhiyagram and Jambubani prove that this district was important as a religious place for Jains and it was also a place of Gupta dynasty in the 19th century. The historian Buchanan also visited this place in 1811 and found the historical facts. According to other historians Jamui was also famous in the era of Mahabharata.

    According to available literature, Jamui was related to Gupta and Pala rulers before 12th century. But after that this place became famous for Chandel rulers. Prior to Chandel Raj, this place was ruled by Nigoria, who was defeated by Chandels and the dynasty of Chandels founded in 13th century. The kingdom of Chandels spread over the whole of Jamui. Thus Jamui has a glorious history.

Personalities:

Late Sri Krishna Singh
    Sri Krishna Singh (Sri Babu) (1887–1961), known as Bihar Kesari, was the first Chief Minister of the Indian state of Bihar (1946–1961). Along with the nationalists Dr. Rajendra Prasad and Dr. Anugrah Narayan Singh, Singh is regarded among the Architects of Modern Bihar. Barring the war years (Second World War 1939–1945), Singh was chief minister of Bihar from the time of the first Congress Ministry in 1937 until his death in 1961." It was Singh who led Dalit’s entry into the Baidyanath Dham temple (Vaidyanath Temple, Deoghar), reflecting his commitment to the upliftment and social empowerment of dalits. Singh was the first Chief Minister in the country to abolish zamindari system in Bihar. He underwent different terms of imprisonment for a total of about eight years in British India.

File Photo: Sri Krishna Singh, Chief Minister, Bihar in a meeting on 11th Nov 1960.
The Former President of India, Pratibha Patil released a book on the letters of exchange between Singh and the First Prime minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru titled Freedom and Beyond.The Nehru-Singh correspondence touches on subjects such as Indian democracy in the making in early years of Independence, Centre-state relations, role of governor, turbulence in Nepal, Zamindari abolition and education scenario. Singh was known for his scholarship and erudition and he had given his personal collection of 17,000 books to the public library in Munger in 1959 which is now named after him as Sri Krishna Seva Sadan.

Late Sri Chandrashekhar Singh
    Chandrashekhar Singh was a member of the Indian National Congress and served as the Chief Minister of Bihar from August 1983 to March 1985. He also held a number of Cabinet Minister positions in the Cabinet of Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi.

Late Sri Tripurari Singh
    Noted political leader who became Chairman of Bihar Vidhan Sabha.

Late Sri Shukra Das Yadav
    Noted social reformer and political leader, who fought for the cause of weaker section of the society. He also fought against Dowry, Child Marriage and Caste System. Later he joined politics and became Pramukh.

Late Sri Shyama Prasad Singh
    A freedom fighter who actively participating in Civil Disobedience Movement of Mahatma Gandhi. He was editor of Calcutta Samachar and director of Nav Sakti Patna.

Late Sri Giridhar Narayan Singh
    Noted freedom fighter member of Socialist Party who founded the Kishan Shabha against the British rule. He actively participated in 1942 Quit India Movement.

Late Sri Dukhharan Prasad
    Noted freedom fighter, who led the freedom movement to the common masses. He was sent to jail in 1943 where he was assaulted badly by the police and consequently he died and became an immortal martyr of the nation.

Late Sri Kumar Kalika Prasad Singh
    Famous freedom fighter and Satyagrahi, who went jail several times during the British rule. K,K, M,College, Jamui has been named after him.

Geographical Setup


     The topography of the district is of diverse nature. Some parts are hilly and some are plain areas. Chakai, Sono, Jhajha, Khaira, Giddhour and Jamui Blocks are having a bulk of hilly terrain. The total geographical area of the district is 3,122.80 square km. The cultivable land is 3,05,289 hectare out of which 76,955 hectare is under cultivation. The non cultivable land is 1,49,602 hectare, whereas the forest cover is 38,685.49 hectare.

     The climate of the district is also of diverse nature because in some parts, it is very healthy and pleasant whereas some areas face extremes of the climate.

     The average annual rainfall of the district is 1,102.9 mm. In summer, the average maximum temperature is 41ºC  and avg. minimum is 28ºC  and in winters it is 27ºC and 13ºC respectively.

     The major rivers flowing in the district are Kiul, Burnar, Sukhnar, Nagi, Nakti, Ulai and Bunbuni.